Saturday, 17 December 2011


Urban governance is a very important factor for economic development, political and social. Things can be done through the role of central government, state and local. At the same time, this role is formed as a result of the cooperation of governments, private sector and NGOs to ensure that development in the economic, political, and social security. Progressive city does not only focus to economic development alone, but also good governance factors contribute to the smooth progress of development in a country and a social focal point. To establish good governance are several methods used, the involvement of all, responsible, honest, efficient, fair, Effective & Efficient, and systems in accordance with the rules. For example, Malaysia introduced the 9 th Malaysia plan that outlines several methods for establishing good governance, the national integrity plan that led to five things that anti-corruption, improve the delivery of information systems, corporate governance & business ethic, the family institution and the quality of life.

The 9th and 10th Malaysia Plan is the basis of the federal government can act to change the management system of governance that will be running smoothly and is believed by stakeholders. Therefore, we can see not only economic development but through a process of urban governance is actually able to develop a city and a focal point for socializing. This is due to a planned governance will have a positive impact in the development of some sectors for economic growth, such as industrial, telecommunications, shopping malls, education, health, business, administrative and transportation center. This is an important facility to help improve the city's economic growth and help improve the quality of life.

The nearest example we can see is the city of Kuala Lumpur with a variety of equipment and facilities of a sophisticated system established by the local government for social focus to meet their needs and requirements. Indirectly when upgrading occurs, then we will find that the entry or migration of the population will increase because of the career opportunities and facilities for their comfort and quality, the role of central government policy managed by the state and implemented by local governments. If we look at career opportunities is one form that can create the culture and lifestyles of our diverse communities. When development in a town that implemented by local governments with the developer of the project, it will be of cultural assimilation. Income of the population will increase and this can change their lifestyles. Indirectly, it can help in the economic growth of a city.

In the aspects of health, the role of the federal government to ensure a lifetime of life through the RMK-9 has to be more proactive as a result of cooperation of the private sector and NGOs. Government has ensured that health law and medical facility equipment such as screening for the disease, early diagnosis. Increase preventive vaccines for diseases such as influenza B, measles and Rubella. These plan also provides provisions for adding new hospitals and renovation and upgrading of existing hospitals. This role is highlighted in order to benefit the city's drive towards a more robust economic growth on the efforts of good health governance in order to produce a community with high quality and standard of living can contribute to accelerate the growth of the urban economy.

The development of good health will form the entry and social focus of the city has the ability level of comprehensive health services. The place is in the Crown Medical Center Hospital of focus people in Indonesia, Singapore and domestic use such services. Melaka's economic growth is also based on the development of the role of health and good governance. Development of education in a city also influence factors of good governance and the social focal point. This can be seen around town in Kuala Lumpur, which has 100 centers of higher education and private sectors. Higher education ministry's policy role that Malaysia would like to upgrade the university to the University of Premier and International by bringing in foreign students from foreign countries such as Yemeni, Nigeria, Pakistan, Iran, Iraq, China, Laos and Japan. University located in the center of Kuala Lumpur has received a lot of foreigners to improve the quality of education at the international level.
The role of local authorities such as City Hall through higher economic growth through the "Kuala Lumpur City Plan 2020, identified that the mall has a good potential to the economic and social growth as the standard of living of the rising. City Hall has given a number of shopping division is the main shopping precinct such as KLCC, Berjaya Times Square, Pavilion, Mid Valley, Garden City and the River Fund. The main sub areas such as Jalan Tuanku Abdul Rahman, Chow Kit Road, Petaling Jaya and Jalan Pasar. This growth will be the center of local and international social growth in the form of recreation and entertainment and a wide range of job opportunities. Good urban governance, the role of all parties such as government, private sector and NGOs is needed to further promote economic and social growth that a city can be developed rapidly in terms of infrastructure, education, health, and tourism.

Urban Governance & Disabled People

In the aspect of public transport system is actually able to ensure the efficient activity in the country. Public transport is also the heart of the development of a country. If we look at developed countries like Japan and the United States, we can see how a well-developed efficient public transportation system. See also how our public transport system developed today than ten years ago. Now in Malaysia there is the Light Transportation System (LRT) and Monorail a lot of help in our public transport services today. However , what means all this progress should not be shared with those who are not able to enjoy it.

The group that is none other than the class of persons with disabilities (PWDs). According to the Disabled Persons Act 2007, "Persons with Disabilities" (disabled) means "People who have long term physical, mental, intellectual or sensory impairments which in interaction with various barriers may hinder their full and effective participation in society". According to statistics provided by the Department of Social Welfare of the number of registered people with disabilities has increased by 12 percent in 2007 (220.250 people) compared to 2006 (197.519 people).

Groups of disabled people in wheelchairs, was a priority in public transport facilities. They needed a mechanism that can move as well as in relation to the outside world and the public. Imagine if they did not have family members who were willing to take them out, can they move or enjoy the world. Can they ride the LRT or commuter our cutting-edge? We are air-conditioned bus with comfortable seats that are hovering in the city and grand taxis either normal or a luxury? If they use public transport, most likely they are injured and may be dangerous for their lives or they may not be used directly due to obstruction from the use of a wheelchair.

There is no doubt that there are efforts from companies that provide public transport facilities to ensure that disabled-friendly services. There are buses that putting a wheel chair to show they are disabled-friendly buses. But today we can see that it is not perfect, marks his wheelchair just decorative. However, good faith efforts and the bus companies should be emulated, but its effectiveness should be reviewed. Is it because our society or the operators themselves? However, efforts should be made step by step. when viewed between public transport services in our country and countries like the United States, is still too much effort should be enhanced.
Social Welfare Department has always encouraged transport companies to provide fare concessions to people with disabilities. To date there are several transportation companies have been providing incentives to encourage transport to disabled people. Among them are Malaysia Airlines (MAS) to provide low-cost up to 50% for domestic flights, Malayan Railway (KTM) to provide concessionary fares up to 50% of all trips for all classes, transnational bus company provides 50% of concession fares and Rapid KL provides free air fares to the disabled.

According to a study conducted by the Department of Social Welfare, public transport is urgently needed by the disabled is a public vehicle that could deliver them from the point of origin to destination, for example taxi service can help them socialize and work. In 2002 there were 72.361 of taxis in Malaysia.

Unfortunately most of the taxis in our country is not the type of disabled-friendly. Sometimes they do not want to take disabled passengers because it is inconvenient but they are also a handful of to taxi driver who was kind enough to take wheelchair clients. Sometimes because of the taxi they use Proton Iswara example cause they do not want passengers in a wheelchair because of boot capacity. If the view is now different types and forms of taxis we see in the streets. Luxury cars are also made by some of the taxi fare was less than the normal taxi, with reasons for a convenient to passengers.

Unfortunately compared to the amount of money invested to buy luxury cars for executive taxi is more appropriate if the money used to buy or renovate a normal taxi wheelchair accessible (wheelchair Accessible Taxi) as found in the United Kingdom and the United States. Concerns of the taxi company operator will help the disabled who use wheelchairs. In addition there are some taxi drivers who feel the disabled is difficult. This behavior may occur due to lack of concern by the public transport operators themselves. This depends on the attitude of the driver that the passenger feels very cumbersome wheelchair for example that disabled people in wheelchairs do need others to help them enter into the wheelchair into the boot of their car..

But some, taxi drivers felt the disabled will only cause problems for them. There is also a wheelchair passenger feels inconvenience and delay. Most taxi drivers racing against time. For those with more time they have, the more passengers they can take. Particularly in the Klang Valley, the majority of taxi use NGV as fuel gas for cheaper than petrol. The gas tank or container installed in the car bonnet, given the relatively large size of the tank so there is no space to include a wheelchair.

In an effort to help the disabled, the public transport operators and government must work together in a effort to help those less fortunate this. Besides, it also can make our country a country concerned and caring. Consequently, the operators also need to see that public transport services as a social responsibility, not only concerned with bottom-line profitability. As members of society do we need to understand the needs of disabled people. It is not appropriate for us to isolate and segregate them because of the lack of it has. There are also some less responsible members of society and selfish to use the facilities provided for disabled people, for example car parks, toilets and seating.

For example, the CEO of AirAsia, which Dato'Tony Fernandes he improve aviation services after receiving protests from disabled associations due to AirAsia's services are not disabled-friendly. In a very short time he was improving services to disabled-friendly AirAsia despite huge cost. This attitude should be an example to us all. This shows a view of disabled people taken care of and respected even if there is a lack in them. Be a responsible member of society help those with disabilities. Together we build towards the social well-being of society.

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To my Wife, Zulaini, my sons Zulazlan, Zulazman, Zulazmir, Zulazmin dan my daughter, Nuris Zulazlin...I love you all..thank you being with me


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